جمعه, 02 اسفند 1398

آثارباستانی سیستان(زابل)

حصیر بافی

Mat Weaving

Mat weaving in Sistan region,in Baluch dialect called 'aseel bafi'is pronounced 'Tagard'.Aseel is made of reeds and Tagard is made of the wild palm tree leaves called 'Daz'. What forms mat productions is taste and skills of the Mat weaver.

Sistan Mat weaving (aseel bafi-xulak bafi)

The art of the use of the use of a reed-type grown in the lakes (tutak) in making things like curtains is xulak bafi.

The curtains are used not to let the sun rays or insects come inside home or are used as canopies.

Raw material are Tutak (a sea-reed type ) and cotton string. Tutak is a plant which grows in'Hamoon Lake'.Village men are sent to the sea,cutthe plant and take it to their village. When tutak is peeled,the trunk which is called 'lux'or 'xulak'is used for curtain weaving.

Remember that it should be dried before being woven.

This profession originated in Sistan region,especially at the margin of 'Hamoon 'lake.

In the past annually 2.000.000 m curtain was produced and transferred to other parts of lran,unfortunately,because of draught in recent years in Sistan region and drying of the lake,the profession suffered from shortage of raw materials,hence,production decreased.Other mat products at the shore of 'Hamoon Lake'is 'tutan'.tutan is a kind of mat boat which is made of the reeds growing in the above mentioned Lake and fishermen use such a boat to sail on the lake.

 

Tagard:

To make mat in Baluchistan ,plam Leaves,which are calld ;peesh; in the Local dialect,are gathered, after being prepared (such as drying and watering) they start weaving. Three,five or eight leaves are selected and at the length direction are woven Left to right.the designs are geometric on the mast which are made of leaf weaving.

Recently ,woolen strings are used to make motifs and to ornament the products.

The production of this art inculd : carpet,praying cover cloth,canopy,curtains,different pots,belt,broom,sovas (alocal type of shoes ) ,kyack.

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